Wednesday 24 April 2024

Mypy 1.10 Released

Mypy 1.10 Released

We’ve just uploaded mypy 1.10 to the Python Package Index (PyPI). Mypy is a static type checker for Python. This release includes new features, performance improvements and bug fixes. You can install it as follows:

    python3 -m pip install -U mypy

You can read the full documentation for this release on Read the Docs.

Support TypeIs (PEP 742)

Mypy now supports TypeIs (PEP 742), which allows functions to narrow the type of a value, similar to isinstance(). Unlike TypeGuard, TypeIs can narrow in both the if and else branches of an if statement:

    from typing_extensions import TypeIs
    def is_str(s: object) -> TypeIs[str]:
        return isinstance(s, str)
    def f(o: str | int) -> None:
        if is_str(o):
            # Type of o is 'str'
            # Type of o is 'int'
TypeIs will be added to the typing module in Python 3.13, but it can be used on earlier Python versions by importing it from typing_extensions.

This feature was contributed by Jelle Zijlstra (PR 16898).

Support TypeVar Defaults (PEP 696)

PEP 696 adds support for type parameter defaults.


    from typing import Generic
    from typing_extensions import TypeVar
    T = TypeVar("T", default=int)
    class C(Generic[T]):
    x: C = ...
    y: C[str] = ...
    reveal_type(x)  # C[int], because of the default
    reveal_type(y)  # C[str]

TypeVar defaults will be added to the typing module in Python 3.13, but they can be used with earlier Python releases by importing TypeVar from typing_extensions.

This feature was contributed by Marc Mueller (PR 16878 and PR 16925).

Support TypeAliasType (PEP 695)

As part of the initial steps towards implementing PEP 695, mypy now supports TypeAliasType. TypeAliasType provides a backport of the new type statement in Python 3.12.

    type ListOrSet[T] = list[T] | set[T]
is equivalent to:
    T = TypeVar("T")
    ListOrSet = TypeAliasType("ListOrSet", list[T] | set[T], type_params=(T,))

Example of use in mypy:

    from typing_extensions import TypeAliasType, TypeVar
    NewUnionType = TypeAliasType("NewUnionType", int | str)
    x: NewUnionType = 42
    y: NewUnionType = 'a'
    z: NewUnionType = object()
    # error: Incompatible types in assignment (expression has type "object",
    # variable has type "int | str")  [assignment]
    T = TypeVar("T")
    ListOrSet = TypeAliasType("ListOrSet", list[T] | set[T], type_params=(T,))
    a: ListOrSet[int] = [1, 2]
    b: ListOrSet[str] = {'a', 'b'}
    c: ListOrSet[str] = 'test'
    # error: Incompatible types in assignment (expression has type "str",
    # variable has type "list[str] | set[str]")  [assignment]
TypeAliasType was added to the typing module in Python 3.12, but it can be used with earlier Python releases by importing from typing_extensions.

This feature was contributed by Ali Hamdan (PR 16926, PR 17038 and PR 17053)

Detect Additional Unsafe Uses of super()

Mypy will reject unsafe uses of super() more consistently, when the target has a trivial (empty) body. Example:

    class Proto(Protocol):
        def method(self) -> int: ...
    class Sub(Proto):
        def method(self) -> int:
            return super().meth()  # Error (unsafe)

This feature was contributed by Shantanu (PR 16756).

Stubgen Improvements

  • Preserve empty tuple annotation (Ali Hamdan, PR 16907)
  • Add support for PEP 570 positional-only parameters (Ali Hamdan, PR 16904)
  • Replace obsolete typing aliases with builtin containers (Ali Hamdan, PR 16780)
  • Fix generated dataclass __init__ signature (Ali Hamdan, PR 16906)

Mypyc Improvements

  • Provide an easier way to define IR-to-IR transforms (Jukka Lehtosalo, PR 16998)
  • Implement lowering pass and add primitives for int (in)equality (Jukka Lehtosalo, PR 17027)
  • Implement lowering for remaining tagged integer comparisons (Jukka Lehtosalo, PR 17040)
  • Optimize away some bool/bit registers (Jukka Lehtosalo, PR 17022)
  • Remangle redefined names produced by async with (Richard Si, PR 16408)
  • Optimize TYPE_CHECKING to False at Runtime (Srinivas Lade, PR 16263)
  • Fix compilation of unreachable comprehensions (Richard Si, PR 15721)
  • Don't crash on non-inlinable final local reads (Richard Si, PR 15719)

Documentation Improvements

  • Import TypedDict from typing instead of typing_extensions (Riccardo Di Maio, PR 16958)
  • Add missing mutable-override to section title (James Braza, PR 16886)

Error Reporting Improvements

  • Use lower-case generics more consistently in error messages (Jukka Lehtosalo, PR 17035)

Other Notable Changes and Fixes

  • Fix incorrect inferred type when accessing descriptor on union type (Matthieu Devlin, PR 16604)
  • Fix crash when expanding invalid Unpack in a Callable alias (Ali Hamdan, PR 17028)
  • Fix false positive when string formatting with string enum (roberfi, PR 16555)
  • Narrow individual items when matching a tuple to a sequence pattern (Loïc Simon, PR 16905)
  • Fix false positive from type variable within TypeGuard or TypeIs (Evgeniy Slobodkin, PR 17071)
  • Improve yield from inference for unions of generators (Shantanu, PR 16717)
  • Fix emulating hash method logic in attrs classes (Hashem, PR 17016)
  • Add reverted typeshed commit that uses ParamSpec for functools.wraps (Tamir Duberstein, PR 16942)
  • Fix type narrowing for types.EllipsisType (Shantanu, PR 17003)
  • Fix single item enum match type exhaustion (Oskari Lehto, PR 16966)
  • Improve type inference with empty collections (Marc Mueller, PR 16994)
  • Fix override checking for decorated property (Shantanu, PR 16856)
  • Fix narrowing on match with function subject (Edward Paget, PR 16503)
  • Allow +N within Literal[...] (Spencer Brown, PR 16910)
  • Experimental: Support TypedDict within type[...] (Marc Mueller, PR 16963)
  • Experimtental: Fix issue with TypedDict with optional keys in type[...] (Marc Mueller, PR 17068)

Typeshed Updates

Please see git log for full list of standard library typeshed stub changes.


Thanks to all mypy contributors who contributed to this release:

  • Alex Waygood
  • Ali Hamdan
  • Edward Paget
  • Evgeniy Slobodkin
  • Hashem
  • hesam
  • Hugo van Kemenade
  • Ihor
  • James Braza
  • Jelle Zijlstra
  • jhance
  • Jukka Lehtosalo
  • Loïc Simon
  • Marc Mueller
  • Matthieu Devlin
  • Michael R. Crusoe
  • Nikita Sobolev
  • Oskari Lehto
  • Riccardo Di Maio
  • Richard Si
  • roberfi
  • Roman Solomatin
  • Sam Xifaras
  • Shantanu
  • Spencer Brown
  • Srinivas Lade
  • Tamir Duberstein
  • youkaichao

I’d also like to thank my employer, Dropbox, for supporting mypy development.